Glossary of EDI Terminology
ANSI (American National Standards Institute): The organization responsible for developing and maintaining EDI standards in the United States.
ASC X12 (Accredited Standards Committee X12): The committee responsible for developing and maintaining EDI standards in the United States.
EDI (Electronic Data Interchange): The electronic exchange of business documents between trading partners in a standardized format.
EDIFACT (Electronic Data Interchange for Administration, Commerce and Transport): The international EDI standard used primarily in Europe.
XML (Extensible Markup Language): A markup language used for the exchange of structured data between computer systems.
VAN (Value-Added Network): A third-party service provider that facilitates the exchange of EDI documents between trading partners.
AS2 (Applicability Statement 2): A protocol for exchanging EDI documents securely over the internet.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol): A protocol for transferring files over the internet.
ISA (Interchange Control Header): The beginning segment of an EDI transaction set that contains information about the sender and receiver of the document.
GS (Functional Group Header): The segment of an EDI transaction set that identifies the type of document being exchanged and provides additional control information.
ST (Transaction Set Header): The segment of an EDI transaction set that identifies the type of document being exchanged.
SE (Transaction Set Trailer): The segment of an EDI transaction set that marks the end of the document.
EDI Translator: Software that translates EDI documents into a format that can be read by a company’s internal systems.
Mapping: The process of translating data from one format to another, such as from a company’s internal format to an EDI format.
Trading Partner: A company or organization that exchanges EDI documents with another company or organization.
Document Type: A specific type of EDI document, such as a purchase order or invoice.
Transaction Set: A group of related EDI documents that are exchanged between trading partners, such as a purchase order and an invoice.
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